Visual arts, the term we used to describe the arts we can see that full of histrionic and gorgeous meanings. Paintings, Architectures, and Sculptures are some important examples that represent what the beauty of art is. Today, we include photography, furniture, pottery, jewelry, and many other arts and crafts among the visual arts.
Sometimes, we speak of the fine arts—other forms of expressions that appeal to our sense of beauty and form. This broader category includes literature, music, and dance, in addition to the visual arts.
Painting has been around for a long time. We tend to consider it as one of the most important forms of art.
People painted and drew on the walls of caves during the Stone Age, as long as 32,000 years ago. They made pictures of animals—probably the animals they hunted for food.
Over the time, the creativity of people dealing with this form of art makes them more talented.
Artists tend to paint a lot much better than before. They lean towards to have different styles or subjects to paint, for example: landscapes, portraits of people, religious figures, and still life (fruit, flowers, and other objects that don’t move).
People make art everywhere, and they seem to have been doing it for as long as they have been around. People loves to draw, swoosh paint brush or with their fingers, and even modeling a clay.
Pleasure, is one of the best thing or reason why we paint. It serves it as our way of communicating to other people and sometimes expressing our emotions and feelings through these artworks. We also admire the imagination and skill that go into the artwork.
Art has served other purposes, too. Think about portraits—pictures of people. Before there were cameras, a portrait was how people remembered someone who wasn’t there.
Portraits of rulers made them look powerful to impress their subjects. History paintings reminded people of victories in battle and other important events.
Before many people could read, art instructed and educated. For example, stained glass windows in churches were meant to teach people stories in the Bible. Many paintings from the past show religious scenes.
There are several great painters before, but there’s only one man who stands out. And he is Leonardo da Vinci.
As a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist, Leonardo da Vinci excelled in any of it.
He has that curiosity that so endless making him so genius at all. Leonardo wants to see things how it should work and what it’s purpose. He wanted to put down on paper what he saw. He left thousands of pages of drawings and notes that recorded his thoughts.
Leonardo was born in 1452 in the small town of Vinci, near Florence, Italy. He had little schooling and was largely self-taught.Leonardo seemed to be good at everything he tried. He was handsome, a good speaker,and a fine musician. He trained as a painter with Andrea del Verrocchio, a leading artist in Florence. Leonardo later worked for dukes and kings.
Leonardo produced a relatively small number of paintings, and he left some of them incomplete. But he had original ideas that influenced Italian artists long after his death.
Leonardo believed painting was a science. He applied scientific thinking in his art so that his paintings looked more identical to the real world.
One of his most important painting techniques was sfumato, a blending of one area of color into another so there are no sharp outlines.
Leonardo used sfumato in one of his most famous paintings, the Mona Lisa. When you look at this portrait, notice how colors shade into each other on her face and hands. See how Leonardo has blurred the edges of her mouth to give her the hint of a smile. This mysterious smile has fascinated people for centuries. It looks as if Mona Lisa’s expression might change at any moment because of the way Leonardo has softened the edges of the mouth, eyes, and cheeks. She seems almost alive.
Many people consider a mural by Leonardo known as The Last Supper to be his masterpiece. Jesus Christ, seated in the middle of The Last Supper, has just announced that one of his 12 apostles will betray him. Leonardo places the figures in this painting in a way that increases the drama of the announcement. Christ is the calm center. His body, which is set slightly apart from the others, forms a stable triangle. The apostles are arranged in four groups, some leaning toward Christ and some leaning away. Their gestures and the expressions on their faces reveal their reactions to Christ’s words.
The identity of the individual apostles in The Last Supper is confirmed by The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci. From left to right in the painting, they are depicted in four groups of three, and react to the news as follows:
- GROUP 1
Bartholomew, James the Less and Andrew are all surprised.
- GROUP 2
Judas Iscariot is taken aback; next to him, Peter holds a knife and looks stormy, while the boyish John, the youngest apostle, simply swoons.
- GROUP 3
Thomas is upset; James is shocked. Philip wants an explanation.
- GROUP 4
In the final group of three, Jude Thaddeus and Matthew turn to Simon the Zealot for answers.
In most versions of The Last Supper, Judas is the only disciple not to have a halo, or else is seated separately from the other apostles. Leonardo, however, seats everyone on the same side of the table, so that all are facing the viewer. Even so, Judas remains a marked man. First, he is grasping a small bag, no doubt symbolizing the 30 pieces of silver he has been paid to betray Jesus; he has also knocked over the salt pot – another symbol of betrayal. His head is also positioned in a lower position than anyone in the picture, and is the only person left in shadow.
In short, the painting captures twelve individuals in the midst of querying, gesticulating, or showing various shades of horror, anger and disbelief. It’s live, it’s human and it’s in complete contrast to the serene and expansive pose of Jesus himself.
Leonardo da Vinci is very great when it comes to make his audience think what is in the picture and the meaning behind it. Like any other artist like Vincent Van Gogh, Leonardo is also a great painter that in every painting he had done there is a magic with it, that when you look at the picture it is just like true and it’s going to move any time.
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